Propolis is composed of different vegetable pitch that bees gather on the buds of poplar, birch and other plants. Accumulated pitch bees add secretions from the salivary glands. Bees add wax to pitch, so the substance becomes sticky. The colour of propolis ranges from green-yellow to dark brown, depending on the origin and age. At high temperatures it is adhesive, at low temperatures fragile and crumbles at breaking.
Chemical content of propolis: pitch and balsams, wax, essential oils, pollen. The exact physico-chemical methods found 60 different substances in propolis, of which the most characteristic ones are flavones, flavonoids, various organic acids, aldehydes and others.
Many medical reports prove propolis inhibits the growth of bacteria or even destroys it, accelerates wound healing and helps in the treatment of inflammation. Its antibiotic activity is important, as it affects not only bacteria but also a variety of viruses. It is often used in rheumatic diseases, to strengthen the immune system, anemia, the diseases of the respiratory tract, inflammation of the oral cavity, toothache, inflammation of the stomach lining, with different injuries and skin diseases. It also acts as antioxidant; therefore it is used in food, cosmetics and pharmaceutical industry.
Propolis collected from the hive is not immediately usable; it has to be appropriately processed with a strong alcohol solution. It is used in the form of various lubricants, alcoholic tinctures, sprays or as suppositories.
Propolis and fruit spirit
PURPOSE AND USE:
Propolis has been used in folk medicine since ancient times (before 300 BC.). It is intended for external as well as internal application.
- for surface wounds (promotes healing);
· for abrasions;
· for minor burns;
· against herpes on the lips;
· calms inflamed skin;
· for fungal infections;
· as a topical antiseptic;
· as a topical anesthetic.
Oral and peroral use:
- inflammation in the oral cavity (mucous membrane, gums);
· inflammation in the throat;
· inflammation in the ears;
· inflammation of the esophagus;
· for colds;
· ulcers in the stomach.
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